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Island County > Emergency Management > Continuity of Operations


Under Construction


Draft Essential Services and Key Personnel Matrix


COOP is an effort within individual County departments to ensure continuity of their essential functions across a wide range of emergencies and events.

Governments at all levels have a fundamental responsibility to provide uninterrupted essential services to the public, regardless of circumstances. COOP is a good business practice and private business refers to it as Business Continuity Planning - or BCP.

The objectives of COOP planning are to:

  • Ensure the performance of an agency's essential functions during a COOP event.
  • Reduce loss of life by minimizing damage and losses.
  • Ensure the successful succession to office in the event a disruption renders agency leadership unavailable to perform their responsibilities.
  • Reduce or mitigate disruptions to operations.
  • Ensure that agencies have alternate facilities from which to operate.
  • Protect essential facilities, equipment, vital records, and other assets.
  • Achieve a timely and orderly recovery from a COOP situation.
  • Achieve a timely and orderly reconstitution from an emergency and resume full service to internal and external customers.

COOP plans must:

  • Be capable of implementation anytime, with and without prior warning.
  • Provide full operational capability for essential functions not later than 12 hours after activation and sustainable for 30 days (Federal Preparedness Circular (FPC)-65, these standards apply to Federal Executive Branch departments and agencies).

There are nine elements of a viable COOP Plan:

  • Essential functions

  • Delegations of authority

  • Alternate facilities

  • Interoperable communications

  • Vital records and databases

  • Human capital management

  • Tests, training, and exercises

  • Devolution

  • Reconstitution


All plan elements are needed to provide an effective and viable COOP capability. COOP programs must include regular training, testing, and exercises (TT&E).

People must be trained and tested to ensure they know their COOP responsibilities and duties. Equipment and communications must be tested periodically to ensure that they operate as expected and required.


The following are related FEMA independent study (IS) courses: IS-546, Continuity of Operations AwarenessCourse and IS-547, Introduction to Continuity of Operations (COOP) available at the 

FEMA web link:  http://training.fema.gov/IS/crslist.asp